Frequently Asked Questions about Diet with Dietician Aveen Bannon (BSc Human Nutrition & Dietetics)
Aveen Bannon, Dietitian, has a special interest in eating well to prevent cancer, and to help recover from the disease after treatment
Eat well to stay healthy
Regular meals with a wide variety of foods and reasonable portions are the best ways to protect yourself from obesity and the risks it poses to your health.
“Excess body weight contributes to death in about one in five people,” says Aveen Bannon, Dietitian (BSc Human Nutrition & Dietetics).
“In Ireland, we have relatively high rates of breast cancer and colon cancer, which are both linked with obesity. Breast cancer is linked with obesity in post-menopausal women. Other cancers are also linked with obesity like oesophageal cancer; gall bladder; liver; cervix; and ovarian cancer. Any cancer around the abdomen area is associated with weight as well,” says Aveen.
Aveen emphasises that 50% of our energy should come from good quality carbohydrates like:
- Wholegrain pasta
- Wholegrain brown rice
- Brown bread
- Porridge oats
- Sweet potatoes
“Make sure every time you eat that there is fibre and protein in the food you are eating. Crisps for example, have neither,” says Aveen.
Oils and fats
Saturated fat increases the risk of bowel cancer and breast cancer. By eating better quality oils, you will reduce your saturated fat intake,” said Aveen.
Olive oil is a healthy monounsaturated fat when you use it without cooking. However, when you heat it to high temperatures it breaks down into unhealthier parts. This is why Aveen recommends that you cook with rapeseed oil that stays intact even when it is heated.
It is a good idea to eat oily fish twice a week, so you get all the Omega 3 fat you need. This is an anti-inflammatory fat. Oily fish include salmon, trout, mackerel and sardines.
Other good sources of monounsaturated fat are avocados and nuts.
Try to reduce how much you eat of saturated fats including:
- Animal fats
“There is no such thing as a good or bad food, only a good or bad diet. One specific food will not give you cancer, it is eating behaviour you need to look at – the overall balance of your diet,” said Aveen.
Fruit and vegetables
“Make sure you have colour in every meal. This means you will get your five a day of your fruit and vegetables. You should have a variety of colour to get the benefits of all the different minerals,” said Aveen.
When you are trying to have a healthy diet the most important things to start with are:
- Have colour at every meal
- Drink more water
- Think about fats
- Eat plenty of fibre
- Eat enough protein.
- Eat breakfast within one hour of getting up.
- Leave no more than a 3-4-hour gap between eating.
- Each snack or meal should contain protein and fibre.
“It is important to eat every 3-4 hours because our brain can only use glucose as fuel and our body will spend a maximum of four hours breaking down carbohydrate into glucose.
“Our brains need to be drip fed every 3-4 hours to maintain concentration and energy levels and to get the body to work more efficiently. You can do this by having a bag of nuts, for example, in the top drawer in your desk. Eat a couple of nuts, or have a piece of fruit, or grab a yogurt. If you are really stuck get a low-fat milky coffee. If you don’t have time at work, have it on the way home.
“If you leave a long gap and then pile on the food, your body will find it difficult to break down the food,” says Aveen.
“Having enough Vitamin D has been linked to reducing the risk of colorectal cancer. If someone has a family history of cancer, I recommend that they take in some much-needed vitamin D.”
You can get vitamin D from exposure to sunlight but prolonged time in the sun can be damaging for your skin. Aveen suggests Vitamin D supplements to cater for this deficiency. “The recommended amount is 5-10 micrograms a day” says Aveen.
When you are having dinner, try to divide your plate in three. One third, carbohydrate, one third vegetables and one third protein.
“When people don’t eat enough fruit and vegetables, they end up eating too much rice or pasta,” says Aveen.
It is also important to make sure children get smaller portions than adults.
Another way to ensure you are getting the right amount of nutrients in each meal, while being conscious of your portion size is the MyPlate scale.
For more information on the how an unhealthy diet can increase your risk of cancer, click here
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